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    3. 曼達鱷

      2018-06-25 19:50:17

      曼達鱷(學名:Mandasuchus)是勞氏鱷目迅猛鱷科的一屬,化石發現于坦桑尼亞的曼達組(Manda Formation),地質年代為三疊紀中期的拉丁尼階到安尼西階。12。目前已經發現數個包存狀態良好的標本,但是頭顱骨的化石材料較少。

      在1967年,阿爾弗雷德·羅默(Alfred Romer)建立迅猛鱷科,以包含曼達鱷與其他三屬34。在1965年,艾倫·查理格等人的蜥臀目研究中,提出曼達鱷可能是原蜥腳類的祖先,這個假設目前已被否定56。在1993年,J. Michael Parrish的鱷型踝關節類(Crocodylotarsi)親緣分支分類法研究中,提出曼達鱷是歐洲鐵沁鱷的次異名,理由是曼達鱷、鐵沁鱷的顱后骨骼部分極度類似7

      參考資料

      1. ^ Richard J. Butler; Sterling J. Nesbitt; Alan J. Charig; David J. Gower; Paul M. Barrett (2018). Mandasuchus tanyauchen, gen. et sp. nov., a pseudosuchian archosaur from the Manda Beds (?Middle Triassic) of Tanzania. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 37 (Supplement to No. 6): 96–121. doi:10.1080/02724634.2017.1343728.
      2. ^ Charig, A. J. (1957). New Triassic archosaurs from Tanganyika, including Mandasuchus and Teleocrater: Dissertation Abstracts. Cambridge University.
      3. ^ Romer, A. S. Vertebrate Paleontology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1967: 468. 
      4. ^ Alcober, O. Redescription of the skull of Saurosuchus galilei (Archosauria: Rauisuchidae). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 2000, 20 (2): 302–316. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2000)0200302:ROTSOS2.0.CO;2. 
      5. ^ Charig, A. J.; Attridge, J.; and Crompton, A. W. On the origin of the sauropods and the classification of the Saurischia. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London. 1965, 176: 197–221. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8312.1965.tb00944.x. 
      6. ^ Bonaparte, J. F. Pisanosaurus mertii Casamiquela and the origin of the Ornithischia. Journal of Paleontology. 1976, 50 (5): 808–820. 
      7. ^ Parrish, J. M. Phylogeny of the Crocodylotarsi, with reference to archosaurian and crurotarsan monophyly. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 1993, 13 (3): 287–308. doi:10.1080/02724634.1993.10011511. 

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